It has been used by humans in art and architecture for millenia because physical artifacts with this ratio are naturally pleasing to look to the eye/mind and are also reputed to have life-enhancing benefits.

The Golden Ratio is also known as the Golden Mean, the Golden Section, or as phi (a Greek letter).

The geometric equation behind the Golden Ratio is related to the Fibonacci Sequence.

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0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, …

The next number is determined by adding together the two numbers before it.

This sequence of numbers is significant because it is the mathematical equation underlying the spiral common to all natural formations including those found in the growth patterns of human, animal and plant physiology and in the movement patterns of air, fluids and galaxies.

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The most common rendition of the ‘Flower of Life’ consists of 19 complete circles enclosed by a large circle. Its six-sided pattern displays the center of each circle on the circumference of six surrounding circles of the same diameter.

The oldest known representation of the flower of life is at the Temple of Osiris in Abydos, Egypt. At this ancient site, the symbol is all the more fascinating as it appears to have been burned into the granite by an ancient laser-like process.

Another ancient occurrence of this symbol is in China in 3-D form; it covers the orb under the paw of the ‘Fu-Dog’ (actually the Guardian Lion) at the entrance to the Forbidden City.

Leonardo DaVinci observed the profound mathematical significance of the ‘Flower of Life’ shape and applied it to his work.

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